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[ جمعه ۱۳۹۰/۰۳/۱۳ ] [ 20:20 ] [ فرامرز کوچکی ]

5.2) What is the BMR for an “average” 70kg person?

a) 70 * 1 = 70 kcal/day

b) 70 * 12 = 840 kcal/day

c) 70 * 24 = 1,680 kcal/day

d) 70 * 36 = 2,520 kcal/day

e) 70 * 72 = 5,040 kcal/day

6) Which of the following is NOT a significant factor that affects BMR?

a) Pregnancy

b) Thyroid status

c) Body temperature

d) Age

e) Race

7.1) Which of the following Daily Energy Expenditure (DEE) hourly activity factors is used for moderate activity, such as hoeing?

a) 1.0

b) 1.5

c) 2.5

d) 5.0

e) 7.0

7.2) For a 60-year-old female, the BMR equation is 10.5W+596. Which of the following equations would be used for this 50kg patient if she spent her entire day lying in bed?

a) (10.5 * 50 + 596) * 1.0

b) 10.5 * 50 * 1.0 + 596

c) (10.5 * 50 + 596) * 1.5

d) 10.5 * 50 * 1.5 + 596

e) 10.5 * 50 + 596 + 1.0

8) Which of the following equations would be used for the previous patient if she spehours a day standing and 16 hours a day lying in bed?

a) 10.5 * 50 * 1.0 * 1.5 + 596

b) 10.5 * 50 * 1.0 + 596

c) 10.5 * 50 * (8 *1.5 + 16 * 1.0) + 596

d) (10.5 * 50 + 596) * (8 *1.0 + 16 * 1.5)

e) (10.5 * 50 + 596) * ((8 *1.5 + 16 * 1.0) / 24)

9) What is the DEE  hourly activity factor for a 70kg, 25-year-old male who works helabor 6 hours a day, does moderate exercise for 3 hours, sleeps for 7 hours, and sits upright in a chair watching sports TV for the rest of the time?

a) (6 * 7.0 + 3 * 2.5 + 7 * 5.0 + 8 * 1.5)

b) (6 * 7.0 + 3 * 5.0 + 7 * 1.0 + 8 * 1.5) / 24

c) (6 * 7.0 * 3 * 5.0 * 7 * 1.0 * 8 * 1.5) / 24

d) (6 * 5.0 + 3 * 2.5 + 7 * 1.0 + 8 * 1.5) / 24

e) (6 * 5.0 * 3 * 2.5 * 7 * 1.0 * 8 * 1.5) / 24

10) What is the overall DEE activity factor for a 24-year-old male who does 1.5 hourheavy activity (weight lifting and Judo), 1 hour of moderate activity (racquetball), 1.5hours of light activity, 16 hours of very light activity, and 4 hours of sleep?

a) (1.5 * 7.0 * 1 * 5.0 * 1.5 * 2.5 * 16 * 1.5 * 4 * 1.0)

b) (1.5 * 7.0 + 1 * 5.0 + 1.5 * 2.5 + 16 * 2.0 + 4 * 1.0) / 24

c) (1.5 * 7.0 + 1 * 5.0 + 1.5 * 2.5 + 16 * 1.5 + 4 * 1.0) / 24

d) (1.5 * 5.0 + 1 * 3.0 + 1.5 * 2.5 + 16 * 1.5 + 4 * 1.0) / 24

e) (1.5 * 7.0 + 1 * 3.0 + 1.5 * 2.5 + 16 * 1.5 + 4 * 1.0) / 24

[ چهارشنبه ۱۳۸۷/۱۲/۲۸ ] [ 15:4 ] [ فرامرز کوچکی ]

– Metabolic Fuels and Dietary Components

1) A 23-year-old presents for a consult about weight reduction. She works as a corporate sales consultant for popular women’s clothing. At 5 feet 7 inches tall, she weights 99 lbs and is very afraid she could weight over 100 lbs. Her daily exercise routine includes one hour of jogging every morning and one hour of walking every evening. Which of the following is the most likely problem afflicting this patient?

a) Anorexia

b) Depression

c) Obesity

d) Malnutrition

e) Hypothyroidism

2.1) One calorie is equal to:

a) 4.18 Calories

b) 4.18 kilocalories

c) 4.18 kilojoules

d) 4.18 Joules

e) 4.18 calories

2.2) Physicians tend to use units of calories, in part because that is what their patients use and understand. Food “calories” are actually Calories. How many calories are in a Calorie?    a) 10,000

b) 1,000

c) 100

d) 10

e) 1

3.1) When fat is completely oxidized from CO2 to H20, how much fuel energy is generated (in kcal/g)?

a) 2

b) 4

c) 7

d) 9

e) 11

3.2) An analysis of a patient’s diet shows they ate 90g carbohydrate, 10g protein, and 10g fat each day. Approximately how many calories did this patient consume in one day?

a) 440

b) 470

c) 490

d) 740

e) 940

3.3) Glucose, which is the predominant sugar in human blood, is a:

a) Monosaccharide

b) Disaccharide

c) Polysaccharide

d) Triacylglycerol

e) Linear chain of amino acids

3.4) Which of the following accounts for the difference in energy between fats and carbohydrates/proteins?

a) Nitrogen

b) Water

c) Hydrogen

d) Ammonia

e) Oxygen

4) Other than adipose tissue, which of the following is a primary fuel store in the body?

a) Protein

b) Glucose

c) Alcohol

d) Glycogen

e) Triacylglycerol

5.1) For Body Mass Ratio (BMR), what is the assumed value of kcal/day/kg body weight?   a) 1

b) 12

c) 24

d) 36

e) 72

ادامه دارد

to be continued

زمان پاسخ سوالات : فرودین 88

[ جمعه ۱۳۸۷/۱۲/۲۳ ] [ 3:51 ] [ فرامرز کوچکی ]
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